Sports Betting – Advanced Level

If you have never really become involved in sports betting before, or even if you bet on sports at beginner and intermediate levels, you probably think of the activity as “fun.” It involves gambling and it involves sports, what could possibly be bad about it?안전공원

That line of thinking can often get people into trouble when it comes to advanced sports betting. The mistake that is made here is that a person puts too much emphasis on the “sports” in sports betting and not enough emphasis on the math.

The reason for that is fairly simple: very few people like math. What they do like is the idea that with a little bit of knowledge, they can win some big money doing something they enjoy (watching sports). However, in the advanced stages of sports betting, you can throw a lot of that “fun” right out the window.

The honest truth is that interest in advanced sports betting means that you have decided that you want to make some money sports betting on a consistent basis. There are some strategies you can apply when it comes to the actual sport, but for the most part advanced sports betting means paying a lot of attention to a lot of different numbers. What do we mean? Take a look below!

On arbitrage:

Remember, no matter how well you may know sports or even how much inside information you may have, gambling on an outcome in a sports event always entails some degree of chance. Advanced bettors eliminate this chance by concentrating on solid math equations and numbers (numbers never lie).

What this means for the advanced bettor is that a lot less time is spent watching games on television, and a lot more spent crunching numbers in front of a computer screen. Arbitrage betting is the best way to ensure winning when it comes to sports betting.

In sports betting, arbitrage means finding different odds from different bookmakers, so that you are always guaranteed a win no matter which side wins in a game.

Basically, what you need to do is to find one bookmaker which offers certain odds on one side in a given match, and then find a bookmaker offering certain odds on the OTHER side in the same match. Here is an example:

Bookmaker 1 has odds of 1.10 on Team A and 8.00 on Team B

Bookmaker 2 has odds of 1.20 on Team A and 5.00 on Team B

If you bet $835 on 1.20 at Bookmaker 2, and $125 on 8.00 at Bookmaker 1, then the total amount you bet will be $960. If Team A wins, you win $1002. Subtract the amount you bet (and lost) at Book 1; the result is a $42 final profit. If Team B wins, you win $1000 and lose the $835 bet at Book 2, but you still gain a $40 profit.

Because the numbers were right, you stand to win a small amount no matter who wins. The money won will go up depending on how much you wager.

That, of course, is the key to arbitrage betting. The percentages returned are relatively small, so you only make money quickly when you wager big. That means you have to be extra careful with your calculations!

Aside from the amount of homework involved, arbitrage betting is getting more difficult as bookmakers try to align their odds in order to avoid the professional gamblers who use the technique.

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Board Games on the iPad

The Apple iPad is an incredible device that’s making waves in board gaming communities the world over, but why? What do traditional board games have to do with the iPad? Can physical games with lots of pieces faithfully be converted to a small touch screen device? Are they any areas in which the iPad is actually better than the physical board game?Kalyan Matka

Despite what many hardcore board game enthusiasts may want to believe, the iPad is actually a great addition to the wardrobe full of bits and pieces, “real life” physical board games. But it will never replace the physical ones – just as it will never replace the experience of gathering around a table with 4 friends.

The size of the screen, for the time being, is the primary limitation on the iPad gaming experience – yet the size is also an advantage. For instance, the combination of the iPad, iPhone, and Nintendo DS have utterly destroyed the “travel” game industry. No longer are we forced to play monopoly with tiny pieces that get lost down the back of the seat! Long trips with the children are a whole lot easier, now. The small screen does mean however that it is not particularly suited to being placed in the center of a large table and sat around. An impressive attempt at small-scale coffee table gaming was by Days of Wonder’s “Small World” board game app, which includes a coffee table mode as well as the standard “pass and play” modes. In coffee table mode, the iPad would detect that it is laying horizontally on a tabletop and automatically keep the board in a fixed position, with each players interface area kept on the appropriate side of the screen. However, this style of play was limited to 2 players, as the interface elements for more than 2 players simply couldn’t fit on the screen. The “pass and play” mode is standard to nearly every board game conversion for the iPad yet, allowing for more players by passing the device around. Indeed, “pass and play” is the only mode possible when games include some element of secrecy regarding players cards – using the iPad to play Poker with a friend sitting opposite you simply isn’t possible with just one device. Obviously, with more than one iPad, we can achieve a somewhat similar experience in terms of gameplay, but the social interaction would plummet – each player may as well be staring at a computer screen.

Which bring us to our next point, one in which iPads really win over on physical board games – the fact that physical games require physical players. A weekly gaming session is difficult at best to organise – scheduling conflicts, gaming preferences – can sometimes lead to an unsatisfactory gaming get-together. With an internet connection, and iPad though – you can potentially be playing with people all over the world who want to play the same game as you, at the same time that is convenient to you. Of course, the social interactions aren’t the same, but the gaming experience generally is. Carcassonne is possibly the best example yet of internet gaming done right on the iPad. When you select to play an internet game, the app doesn’t ask you for usernames, passwords, to choose a game lobby or server – it just goes out to find you an opponent and gives you an estimated time. Most iPad board game conversions sadly have yet to include an internet gaming option.

So far we’ve only talked about how the iPad can replace the physical versions, but I think they can also co-exist and in fact complement them. As I said, getting a gaming group together can be difficult, so taking time to explain a new game and give it a run through before playing “for serious” is time consuming and wasteful. The iPad is a great way to practice before the real social game, to make sure you fully understand the rules and have an idea of strategies that might be played against you. And even if you have some real life experience of the rules, the iPad is a great way to discover new play styles that you might never have seen before – remember that most of the board games apps have AI routines developed by the board game creators themselves, so they usually know a trick or two that your friends might not.

The iPad can also complement the real board game even during those social gaming sessions. Scoring points, for instance, has traditionally been a rather tedious but necessary part of board games – not so with the iPad. “Agricola”, game in which players attempt to create the best farm, is a great example of this. At the end of the game, points are scored according to the size of your house, the material it is made of, the number of family members, how many fields you have managed to create… all in, there are about 15 different metrics you must check on a scoring table for. The Agricola companion app makes it easy to calculate everyone’s score by walking you through each metric and giving you a simply “number dial” element to easily input it all. The app then calculates it according to the built-in scoring tables, makes a total, then shows the results and overall winner. It even stores player data (including a photograph), and you can save every game result as well as where the game was played!

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The Reverse Funnel System – Your Marketing System to Internet Riches

Today we’re going to talk about the the Reverse Funnel System and how to use Marketing Funnels to to Maximize your Online Efforts. This is a strategy that, if used and mastered correctly, can change the dynamics of your business “virtually” overnight.clickfunnels pricing discount

The Marketing Sales Funnel, or the Reverse Funnel System, is probably one of the most genius concepts that ever came down the super highway in the world of Internet Marketing.

Here’s what George D. Harris, President and CEO of Harris Marketing Group, Inc. has to say about it:

“The Reverse Funnel System combines Network Marketing with the power of Internet Marketing. We no longer have to cold call prospects, chase dead-end leads, spend themselves broke on advertising campaigns or even hound people about building true financial freedom for themselves. This system weeds everybody out and leaves users with highly motivated, truly qualified leads.”

It’s based on the principle that consumers would enter your marketing funnel through several on and offline strategies and go through a “system” to become happy customers. Some of these strategies include the following:

  • Trade shows
  • Advertising
  • Webinar Seminars
  • Live Speaking Engagements
  • Direct Mail
  • Referrals** (Well talk more about this one in a minute)

To explain the concept one step further you can think about it this way. If you are marketing a product, say a nutritional product just to use an example, and you talk to 100 people about your product, you will perhaps get 10 people that will be interested in talking to you about using or marketing your nutritional product.

However, if those same 100 prospects see a capture page of you talking about how you brought in 30 people last month into your primary business because you have discovered the “Secret” to attracting prospects on the Internet, well, let us say that you will have many more people climbing the ladder to the diving board where they can flip, free fall or cannon ball into your funnel.

Your funnel will then become a sort of “pool party” of a wide variety of prospects that are going to see what you have to offer.

In the original model, the prospect would enter the large end of the funnel and go through a process that looked something like this:

  • Marketing Campaigns
  • Awareness
  • Interest
  • Evaluation
  • Commitment
  • Referral or Advocate (*Well talk more about this in a minute)
  • Happy Customer (This happy customer becomes a part of your autoresponder system and you continue to market to them to increase your profits).
  • Repeat the process over again and again

The reverse funnel system is based on the principal that your prospect will fall through your marketing funnel dropping out the other end as a customer who knows you, likes you, and trusts you. This will happen because the whole time they’re in your funnel they will enjoy what you have to offer.

However, if there’s one thing you can be sure of when you’re marketing on the Internet is that the only consistency is the inevitability of change. Every day there are new systems in place and new outlets and possibilities.

The rising popularity of social media and social networking has created the necessity to take the marketing funnel one level deeper and create a category for your advocates. (This is what I was referring to when I said I would speak more about this step in a minute).

Your happy customer will become your greatest asset. Why, you might ask?

People trust other people. If I know someone who recommends a movie or a restaurant AND I know, like and trust that person, you can bet I’ll be in the line to get in. It’s so much more powerful than a recommendation coming from a stranger on the Internet that you really don’t know if the picture is an accurate depiction of them or not.

This changes the whole dynamics of the Internet and has opened up a whole new world of possibility.

This customer becomes YOUR advocate, thereby actually assisting in the process of bringing more customers into the top of your marketing funnel to begin the process themselves.

This will create a synergy that will begin to extend to others falling in line, and so on and so on….

The more customers you have singing your praises on the social networking scene, the better your efforts will pay off.

The old model used to end with keeping the prospect in your pipeline until they would “Buy, Die or Opt Out.”

Today, the bars have been lifted and your customers and prospect are given their virtual freedom to spread their wings and fly.

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Escorted Holidays to Italy

Italy has long charmed visitors with its beautiful cities and stunning scenery. Escorted holidays can provide a wonderful way of discovering this country, allowing you to make the most of all that Italy has to offer.

One of the great thrills on any visit to Italy is to discover the variety that the country has to offer. From the rolling hills of Tuscany to the majestic architecture of Rome, it’s easy to be impressed by the splendour of Italy.
The scenery and structures are only half of the story though. No visit to Italy is complete without sampling the food, wine and hospitality that Italians are so famed for.

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Booking a holiday in Italy is not without its difficulties. Many of the most impressive hotels are notoriously expensive, while many visitors are unsure which locations provide the best base possible when looking to explore the largest cities.
Cities like Florence, Rome, Milan and Naples (Napoli) do get very busy in the summer months too, making driving in these popular places a somewhat stressful experience.

An escorted holiday is rapidly becoming the chosen solution for many. By taking advantage of a specialist tour operator, you can have a great, stress-free holiday in Italy.
Escorted holidays usually include transport either by executive coach or train. With an English-speaking guide to provide information on the various cities and sights of Italy, you can also be sure that you’ll be in a position to make the most of your visit.

The other great advantage of an escorted holiday is that you can choose an itinerary that will enable you to visit multiple destinations within one trip.
Why restricts yourself to just visiting Florence, Pisa, Venice or Rome during your trip? You’ll find that you can easily take in a number of Italy’s major cities by taking an escorted holiday.
It’s no wonder that escorted holidays to Italy continue to increase in popularity.

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Postcard Advertising From Online Printing Websites

Hiring a professional printing company is a vital part of marketing your product to consumers. One of the more popular ideas is postcard advertising. This form of advertising always yields positive results. Postcard marketing is simple and direct. It is utilized to gain the consumers interest in learning more about your product or service.

Here are a few benefits of using an online printing company:

1. An online company is a lot cheaper than a local printing store.print shops london

2. Another benefit from using an online company is that they usually have more designs for you to choose from. Some online printing sites also offer you several templates for you to choose from. Another alternative is to create your own design.

3. One of the major benefits of hiring the services of an online printing company is that it is that you can hire their services just by clicking the mouse. There is no need to rush out to a printing shop to see what they have to offer you. This, of course, means that you will save some valuable time and money.

4. An online printing company will also offer you different types of paper for your printing needs. They also will have several different types of inks that they can use. A good printing company should offer you several sample prints that you can choose. These postcards come in a standard size, however, you can also customize which size you would like. Most typical sizes are 4″ x 6″, 5″ x 7″, 4″ x 9″, 8.5″ x 5.5″. Some of the printing companies also offer 6″ x 9″ and 8.5″ x 11″.

Here are a few tips if you decided to design a postcard yourself or if you are using one of the provided by printing company templates.

The font styles as well as size should be something that is easy to read for everyone. This means, of course, that the person reading the package should not have to squint to see the writing. Make sure that the postcard sends your message across effectively.

The postcard itself should not be filled with clutter. The layout should be clear and concise. A good postcard will highlight some of the special discounts that you have to offer. When choosing the colors of the ink, the best looking postcards are of full color (or using four-color printing). However, when you are setting the types, make sure that you stick to one or two colors. This will ensure that it does not look gaudy and the information will be easily read and understood by the consumer.

Another thing to remember is that these postcards do not cost a lot of money, however, they are very effective in getting your announcement to the intended party.

Make sure that your postcard is impressive with a bold and catchy heading with the discounted items underneath. This will surely attract the attention of consumers. Make sure to use clear fonts, not ones that are hard to read. Postcard printing is great way to make an announcement to the consumer and you can customize each side with photos as well.

The professionals at printing companies can take care of all your printing needs. Business cards, postcards, letterheads as well as envelopes are just some of their services.

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Interior Fit Out of Baseboards

Sometimes when homes are undergoing a change such as changing the look or expanding the space it is better to hire the services of a professional contractor. The change may be for making space for an addition to the family or simply to give a new looking to the home. The work done on the house should be precise and professional so that no problems are seen. Interior fit out of homes may refer to numerous different factors such as ceiling, lighting, insulation, windows, doors, baseboards and much Office fit out company more. Some people just go for small and minor changes while others go for a complete remodeling of their homes. Baseboards are an essential feature that needs to be considered while thinking of remodeling the house.

Starting the Installation of Baseboards

When starting the installations of the baseboards in the homes it is best to start with the longest wall. Taking the example of a bedroom the best place to start is with the longest wall in the room and it is best to do one piece at a time. Once people get the hang of how to go about they can take several measurements at the same time. Take the measure and tape and carefully get the precise measurement from each corner to corner of the sheetrock. The best way to go is to choose a good piece of baseboard trim and few more wood colored and grain patterned pieces. The pieces should match to the best ability in order to ensure a good quality of baseboard interior fit out.

Using the Miter Saw

If there is any unwanted piece or the new baseboard trim they need to be placed on the miter saw with the back against the fence and the finished front facing outward. In order to gain total control of the baseboard against the fence of the miter saw the table or the surface needs to be firmly secured. To avoid inflicting injury to you and also to ensure a neat outcome of the work it is better to get a good handle on the wood while cutting it. It is ideal to cut 3″ to 4″ length few pieces to use. For the new piece of wood set it on the miter saw and cut off the end to get a good square end. The next step is to transfer the measurements taken earlier from the bedroom onto this piece of baseboard and keep another 1/8″ at hand. These step by step processes ensure an easy interior fit out of baseboards in homes.

Sometimes there are a few stud locations that need to be taken care of and shooting with a nail gun is the best way to go about. The stud location can be found by the mark on the floor and once it is determined measure it with the tape and mark every 16″ with a pencil in both sides towards the corners. The studs are usually 16″ on the center however sometimes the studs may be 2″on the center and this is standard with lower level.


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Online Gambling Problems

The advances in broadband and wireless technology have made the world come together closer than never before. Now virtually everything is possible on the net-shopping, clinching business deals, social networking, and even gambling, the ever-favorite pastime of men. Online gambling first emerged in the early part of the 1990s and had become an instant hit, with an estimated 3000 online websites on the net today. It totally radicalized the gambling industry and has seen takers from across age groups. However, just like the land version, even internet gambling is fraught with problems. The addiction problem prevails in the online world as well.

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What is problem gambling?

Problem gambling is an impulse-control disorder that leads to major disruptions in all areas of life: psychological, social, vocational or physical. It also includes the stage of ‘pathological’ or ‘compulsive’ gambling. Problem gambling is characterized by an increasing preoccupation with gambling. They have an urge to bet money more frequently and become restless or irritable, if anyone tries to stop. They usually are aware of the mounting, serious, negative problems but staying off the bet becomes the most difficult thing for them.

Online problem gambling is a manifestation of the aforementioned problems. But a study has shown that people who indulge in online gambling have more serious addiction problems than those who use the lottery or play slot machines. Online gambling problems are on the rise because of the explosive growth of the internet.

Causes leading to Internet Gambling

o The privacy and anonymous nature of the internet space has led to people taking to gambling without any hesitation.

o Easy accessibility of online games in the internet has led to people spending more time on gambling.

o Those who work on the internet most of the time can easily avail of online games. This gradually leads to addiction.

Signs of problem Gambling

o Gambling much longer than intended.

o Gambling until you spend the last penny.

o Using up incomes or even saving to gamble, while bills remain unpaid.

o Borrowing money continuously to finance your gambling needs.

o Neglecting your family and professional responsibilities.

o Stoop to stealing, cheating or selling household stuff to get gambling money.

o Gamble with the hope that it will solve financial woes or even win back losses.

o Relieve feelings of depression.

o They can easily set up a gambling account and there are a variety of forms of gambling – right from traditional betting, to casino gambling, lotteries and bingo. All this makes online gambling tremendously appealing.

o There is no time limit and in the absence of a supervisor, a person can go on gambling for up to 24 hours a day.

o As you play, there is a decreased perception of the value of cash and players frequently forget that they are playing with cash.

Online Gambling and its effects

Though many believe that legalized gambling is just harmless entertainment, but people already affected by it and continuous study results have veered on its deceptive nature. In fact, it is considered to cause even more harm than playing in a live casino building. The health and emotional difficulties associated with gambling disorders includes depression, circulatory disease, substance abuse and even risky sexual behavior. Recent studies have concluded that online gambling comprised basically of unmarried and younger participants over people who never gamble. Contrary to the fact that internet is associated with high education level and higher income strata, the study pointed out that online gambler addicts belong to lower education and income levels. Online gambling is one of the fastest growing addictions to afflict the youth today.

The American Psychological Association (APA) conducted a study wherein they found that 74% of online gamblers are problematic or pathological gamblers. Among this, the group that is most at risk is the teens. Online problem gamblers spend much more money on the online gambling websites than the amount teenagers spend on drugs. The worse bit of online gambling is its anonymity. Earlier, a person had to go to a gambling house in order to satisfy their urge to gamble and everybody knew how you fare or how much you lost. But now, you just walk into your office or bedroom and there goes your savings in thin air, and not a soul gets a whiff of it. The lenient regulation measures of the online gambling industry have only added on to the problem.

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เลือกเดิมกับ เว็บพนันออนไลน์ ดี


ที่สุด ไม่ผิดหวังแน่นอน


สำหรับบทความนี้ทางเว็บพนันออนไลน์ ที่ดีที่สุด จะมาอธิบายเป็นเรื่องที่เกี่ยวกับ การอธิบายในส่วนต่างๆ และยังเป็นการบอกเล่าหรือเป็นคำแนะนำที่จะทำให้นักพนันหลายๆ ท่านนั้นทำการตัดสินใจได้อย่างง่าย ดายมากยิ่งขึ้น


โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่งสำหรับการ แทงบอล กับ เว็บพนันออนไลน์ ที่ดีที่สุด ในยุคปัจจุบันนี้เรียกว่ามี หลากหลายเว็บไซต์ให้พวกท่าน นั้นได้ทำการตัดสินใจเลือกการเดิมพันอย่างอิสระมากยิ่ง ขึ้นเพราะปัจจุบันมีอินเทอร์เน็ตเข้ามามีบทบาทในชีวิตประจำวันของเรามากยิ่งขึ้น จึงทำให้พวกเขาเหล่านั้นมีสิทธิพิเศษ


  • การเลือกเดิมพันกับ เว็บพนัน ที่มากยิ่งขึ้นตามหลักความเป็นจริงแล้วนั้น


สิ่งเหล่านี้หากเกิดผลดีก็ย่อมทำให้เกิดผลเสียที่ตามมาด้วยเช่นกัน ซึ่งนั่นอาจจะส่งผลกระทบที่พวกเขาได้รับคืออาจจะโดนเว็บพนันต่างๆ นั้นทำการฉ้อโกงเงิน หรือหลอกลวงพวกเขาโดยไม่ใช่เว็บจริงๆ เพียงแค่ทำเป็นการโฆษณาหลอกลวงให้พวกเขานั้นเชื่อหรือหลงกล


  • โดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่ง สำหรับการ แทงบอลออนไลน์


เป็นที่ทราบกันดีอยู่แล้วว่าในประเทศไทยนั้นยังถือได้ว่าการพนันยังเป็นสิ่งที่ผิดกฎหมายอยู่ และยังทำให้คนไทยเรานั้น เกิดความกลัวในการเลือกที่จะทำการเดิมพันเเต่สิ่งเหล่านี้ แต่หากท่านเลือกเดิมพันกับ เว็บพนันออนไลน์ ที่ดีที่สุด จะเป็นการตัดปัญหาเหล่านั้นให้กับพวกท่านอย่างแน่นอน


หากพวกท่านนั้นเลือกทำการ แทงบอล กับ เว็บพนันออนไลน์ ที่ดีที่สุด เพราะถือได้ว่าจะเป็นอีกแบบนึง ที่ถูกต้องตามกฎหมายและจะทำให้คุณสามารถทำการเดิมพัน อย่างไร้ความกังวลนั่นเอง


  • เว็บพนันออนไลน์ ที่ดีที่สุด ตอบโจทย์ที่สุดในยุคนี้


สำหรับนักพนันหลายๆ ท่านแล้วพูดเป็นเสียงเดี๋ยวกันว่า เว็บพนัน UFA55NET ได้กลายเป็นที่ยอมรับและได้รับความนิยมที่สุดในขณะนี้แล้วท่านจะมัวรอช้าอยู่ทำไมรีบสมัครมาเป็นสมาชิกกับเราสิ สมัครตอนนี้รับโบนัสพิเศษมากมาย!

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Flat Roof Replacement

There are many misconceptions about flat roof replacement that are common and should be addressed; one of them is that they are actually flat. While there is not a pronounced angle in the design of flat roofs they are definitely not flat. If the roof was actually even all the way across then it would be virtually impossible for all of the water to be drained from the roof, which would do nothing but create problems from the beginning. When you are having a flat roof replacement done on your home then you should inquire as to what angle of attack the roofing company has planned to address the drainage of water.

Flat roof replacement has to be done in a manner that is going to resolve stagnant water issues; otherwise you will be in the exact same predicament within a short period of time. flat roof replacement Colorado Springs The last thing you want to do is pay for the same job twice. Where your flat roof is located and how it is built is going to dictate which tactic is going to be best for you.

If you have a flat roof that has at least one open side, you can have your roof built up to include a natural slope that will be installed in a fashion to propel the water towards the open edge. 1/8 of an inch slope per foot is what has been common in the past and worked fine to this point, but to insure that the water takes the hint and flows in the right direction it is suggested that you have a flat roof replacement that includes at least a ¼ inch slope per foot of roof. Having that extra slope will not create any visual difference but it will help minimize the ability of water to pond.

Your other option is to have a drain system on the roof that promotes the clearing of water off of the roof. A drain system is easy to install when you are getting a flat roof replacement done and should be discussed before the work begins. If your roof has a retaining wall around all four sides or otherwise blocks water from having access to the edges of the roof then you are going to have to go with this option. The two ways of accomplishing a proper drain system are through the use of scuppers and adding drain pipes with inlets. Scuppers are metal flashing that are inserted into an opening that has been cut into the retaining wall.

The scuppers will be sealed around all sides to prevent leaking and crickets will be installed to usher water to the scuppers for draining. Installing drain pipes is something that should be done before the actual roofing material gets applied, all that will be visible are the pipe inlets that are covered with a metal screen of some kind to prevent clogging issues. Crickets and strategically placed slopes will help the water go to where it needs to be. Drains will often work with the current gutter system already in place. Whichever way you decide to go, you should know that the slope of your flat roof replacement is crucially important to its success.

E.P.D.M. is the oldest and most seen choice in flat roof replacement. It is easy to recognize, it is black and looks like rubber. There are many positives about this type material; it is readily available and easy to repair. It does not release any pollutants into the water that runs off of the surface and it works as a good insulator, and it is the cheaper of the single ply options. The negative qualities are that it tends to come apart at the seams leaving it very susceptible to leaks. The material is easily torn by foot traffic on the roof, dropped nails, or weather related damage. Overall it is not a great choice, but it is still a good choice as a flat roof replacement.

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Casino Games – How Professional Blackjack Started

There are a lot of myths about gamblers who were playing professionally before publication of the basic strategy for one-pack game by Americans Cantey, McDermott, Maisel and Baldwin in 1958. But all that was before them still remains a legend. The four statisticians performed their calculations just with the help of hand calculator. However it was their publication in the American Journal of the American Statistical Association causing much excitement among both gamblers and statisticians, and blackjack was considered a game a common player might probably win. Encouraged by popularity of the article in the magazine, copied and learnt by heart by many players, the originators published a book “Winning Blackjack”. Nowadays this book is a scarce edition and it enriches the home library of many professional gamblers.

In 1962 Edward Thorp this time using computer technologies calculate and published in his book Beat The Dealer not only the basic strategy of playing but also card counting. Thorp states that blackjack differs from roulette, craps and other games of luck, the result of every hand in blackjack depends on the previous dealing – it really matters which cards drew back form the game and which remained in the pack. Most of the stuff calculated by Thorp is still precise, but all the serious modern gamblers should read 918kiss สมัคร this book only for historical interest.

Thorp’s system called “10 count system” was meant for one pack game which enjoyed great success in all casinos of Nevada. It was extremely difficult for learning, so most of the gamblers gave it up. However, Nevada’s casinos restricted some rules, for example, doubling down only on 11 points. The media told the whole world about it, and Thorp with his book became known all over the world and the casinos that showed themselves to disadvantage had to return former rules. Realizing that under such circumstances crowds card counters would be trying to beat the house, operators of gambling houses introduced two procedures – shuffling after withdrawal of the trim card and multi-packed games.

Thorp’s systems was very difficult to use in practice. But for the computer conference in Las Vegas in 1963, the game would remain on the same level. On a whim, the conference organizers decided to include a Panel Session on “Using Computers in Games of Chance and Skill.” It was just a whim of the organizers to include a section “Using computers in games of chance and skill”. Thorp was designated as Chairman of the Panel and experts on the various casino games, including blackjack, roulette and baccarat. The room filled up and overflowed with computer gamblers. Hundreds of conference attendees were pushing and shoving to get into the room.

The crowd, of course, had been drawn by Thorp. They were expecting revelations on the game and anticipated using his imparted wisdom immediately following the session to make a killing at the blackjack tables.

After one or two more presentations that mainly corrected and modified Thorp’s system, Harvey Dubner was introduced. He described the approach. Dubner kept a count of remaining high cards (10,J,Q,K,A) and low cards (2,3,4,5,6) as the cards were played and divided its difference by total cards left to play. He called the result the High-Low Ratio. His presentation was enthusiastically received by the standing room only crowd and he was given a round of applause at its conclusion. Here at last, many were saying, is a system that is practical, that can actually be used in the real world of casino play. Thorp incorporated “high-low” system into the second edition of Beat the Dealer published in 1966 and since then over 100 professional books on blackjack, team games, hidden computers, shuffle tracking and sleepless nights for casino securities all over the world.

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